What is up guys, karma, medic here and believe it or not, I’m back with another dose, I’m currently in the apartment that I’m staying in for two months. While I do research in Toronto, it isn’t as cool as the one back in the UK and you’re. Also missing the orange dog but anyways today I want to talk about the UK cat and, more specifically, abstract reasoning. where I sort of dive deeper into a specific section of the UK cat. So, thank you guys for being vocal about that.
What I’m gonna do is talk about the abstract reasoning section a little bit give it a little bit more detail into the tips that I would advise for abstract reasoning and then I’m gonna try and solve a couple of questions on camera and record. My thought process, as I do that, so you guys can see what I’m thinking, while I’m looking at the question so without out the way, let’s jump into a couple of tips about the abstract reasoning section when you first start looking at abstract reasoning, questions everything is Gon na seem like gibberish, you really shouldn’t rush or try to jump to the answer and solve the question as quickly as you can. You want to look at the question and stare at the pattern for as long as it takes until you figure it out by yourself, one by one: go through all the possible combinations and eliminations of patterns that you can think of, and I know that could take A lot of time it can be very frustrating at first but, as you see more questions and as time passes, this becomes a lot easier and, the scans method, s C a and s is really useful and it Can help you have a list of things that you can go through to check for what the pattern could be. The second thing I want to say is with abstract reasoning. You just really need a lot of exposure. You want to expose yourself to as many questions as possible because the more questions you see, the more likely you’ll recognize a pattern that is similar to something that you’ve seen before and that can really help speed things up on test day where you need to decipher The pattern in about 30 seconds, it’s impossible in 30 seconds to go through scans fully step-by-step. You know you’re gonna think this and stands for shape. Let me see what are the shapes in this pattern: squares, rectangles, triangles: whatever? Okay, let’s move on to C color: is it gray? Is it black? Is it blue? You just don’t have time for that kind of thing. What ends up happening after you’ve done enough questions. Is that you parallel li. You in parallel go through all of the different components of scan at the same time, intuitively and naturally, once you’ve done enough.
Questions I deal with scans is that it gives you a list of things that could be patterns and once you’ve looked at that list long enough, so many different patterns you’ll eventually be able to match them really quickly. Now, full disclosure – I haven’t done any UK cap questions since 2016, when I took the exam. So I’m a little bit nervous that I’m gonna be doing these on camera and it might take me a little bit longer than the normal. But, and the important thing is the way that I’m gonna talk about my thought process, what I did to find the pattern. take a look at the pattern and see if you can figure out yourself, I’m gonna switch over to my laptop now and I’m gonna have my face up in the corner, and hopefully you can see both at the Same time and that’ll help me talk you guys through the question as I do it. So I have this word document where I’ve screenshotted all the abstract views and questions from one of the online official UK past papers. I’ve put them all in a row here, as you can see, and yeah I’m just gonna go through them one by one and talk to you about what I was thinking while I was solving them and how I write that thinking at that conclusion. Alright guys so, let’s get started for this one. I found this one quite easy and it came to me very quickly because there there really aren’t a lot of shapes taken to account think about here. So in set a and set B, we can see for shapes in each box and there very clearly laid out in the in the corners. One of the first things here I would test is whether a certain shape appears in a certain area. So maybe here in the circle, it’s always in the top half here it’s in the bottom half! Okay, so I know that’s not a rule. Maybe this cross is always on the right, but here it’s on the left, so that’s probably also not a rule and then when I just took a little bit of a step back. What came to me really quickly was that there’s an arrow pointing up in the top right corner here, and so I’m like. Okay, that’s very consistent here. Let’s look at set B. There must be something else, that’s consistent in one corner. So if you look at take a step back and set B, you can see that there’s a triangle and every bottom right corner set B. So usually, if you find a rule, that’s like this easy in this quick. It might be the case that there is another rule hidden somewhere in there, but with just one of the rules, you’re almost always going to score three out of the five questions and for a section like this, where you’re really crunched for time.
I generally just take the first rule that I find if it works and it’s consistent and I go with it. If I happen to see another rule, then that’s great and I’ll use it, but if I can only find one, then I just find the rule and I move on because I want to save that time. For maybe some of the harder questions I need to think about a little bit longer. Okay and let’s move on to this next one um, let’s see okay, so this pattern just took me a really really long time, but I mean let me try and talk you guys through it. So in set a the first thing that I realized – or the first thing that I looked at was this box here and you can see that there’s three squares and three ovals, so I’m like okay cool there’s, an equal number of squares as ovals. But then I look here and I’m like okay, fine, my pattern works, that’s cool and I look here and I realize there’s two ovals to one square so that doesn’t really make sense. Then I look at another box and there’s four squares to four ovals. So I’m thinking, okay, my pattern is probably correct, but there must be something else that I am missing to make something like this box over here work. So this was actually really tricky one square, one black square excuse me counts as two ovals. So in this case you have two ovals, sorry, a black square. It counts as two squares. So in this case you have two ovals and two squares in theory right, that’s how you arrive at equal numbers of squares and ovals here. Actually, on top of that, a great oval counts as two ovals, so here in this box, where you have actually is three squares and three ovals now. This is definitely one of the hundreds that I would consider it to be a lot more complicated. And if you don’t get it, I think that’s totally fine. There are always gonna be patterns that are extremely difficult and you just sort of have to move on. You have to take your guess: take your losses and move on, and for me definitely this is one of those patterns. Now the important thing is that you will have realized that there’s an equal number of squares and ovals here through that assumption, you’re, probably gonna get two out of the five questions right and that’s good, because at least you save yourself on some of these questions. That you would otherwise get zero okay. This pattern was super super tricky. Let’s look at Saturday first, so immediately, when I look, I said: hey you realize, there’s a triangle.
Excuse me an arrow and there’s two triangles on the left hand right. So the first thing I was trying to decipher was: does the arrows Direction mean anything arrow pointing in what direction to me seemed kind of quite random, because you had this pointing in opposite direction to that you had up-down left-right, all kinds of different pointing so I Eliminated that the arrows pointing was something meaningful now, what did change, which is important is that the base of the hour has a rectangle where the head of the arrow has a rectangle. First thing I tried to do was match this base. Sorry, this rectangle, with one of the triangles and you’ll notice, that one of the rectangles is always the same color as one of the triangles. What you end up realizing is that if the rectangle is on the base of the arrow, then the triangle on the right is the same color. If the rectangle is on the head of the arrow, then the triangle on the left is the same color. Okay, guys. So for this pattern, the first thing that you’ll realize is that there’s, an overwhelming number of shapes color is clearly not important because everything is white. So what I immediately start looking at is number so. The first thing I do is count see if there’s a difference in odd forces. Even so, if are all the boxes in set a either odd or even total number of shapes, so one two three four five one, two, three, four, five, six. Okay. I can eliminate that pattern. The next thing I look at is either an odd or even number of a specific shape. So here there’s two circles, and here there’s three: so it’s not only order. Only even I do the same thing for squares, they’re, even even odd and triangles odd, odd, even so. I’ve eliminated that as one of the potential patterns now, when you start to think is relative to each other. What are the numbers? So I’m always gonna look at the easiest box first, and I see that there’s two squares to circles on the triangle so immediately, I’m like okay, there’s the same number of squares of circles. So let me test that theory. I come here and I see two squares and three circles that theory is eliminated. I go back to my simple box and I say: there’s one triangle, two squares and two circles. So there’s one more Square on circle than triangles. So I come to the next books and I test that one triangle, so I’m looking for two squares or two circles, but here I realize that there’s three circles.
So that means the circle. One is out of the question, but my two, but my one more square than triangle still works here. There’s two squares. One triangle two squares: one triangle here: four squares, three triangles, so I’m like okay, this problem works once I’ve tested a pattern and it works in three boxes. Generally, I’m like okay, my pattern is good and I can I can set that as a rule. So now, once at a now that I know that there’s one more square than triangles, I know that there’s gonna be something similar in set B because set aids. That B are always somehow related. The patterns always give me something similar or like opposite. So I go to set B and I’m looking for shapes relative to each other that there’s one more or one less off okay. So, let’s look at the simplest box, three circles, one square one triangle, so I can see that there’s two more circles and squares or triangles sets s not in another box. Here, there’s four circles and there’s two squares and one triangle. So still, there’s two more circles than squares in this box triangles that doesn’t seem to be the case. Let’s try third box one two three circles and one square. So now I can determine and set B that there’s always two more circles than squares, but the basic premise is not you start off with one rule, you test it if it doesn’t work, you move on you put in another rule and you just keep going like That one by one until you get to your solution, so let’s start with set a if you quickly, all you can see is a bunch of lines and a bunch of breaks in those lines. So the first thing I would do is start counting the lines to see if there’s an odd versus even rule. So here we have one two, three one, two, three, four okay, so I know that set a isn’t only on or only even after that, I’m gonna start. Looking at the breaks one two one, two three one, two one, two one, two three so there’s both or none. Even so, I know that the odd person even thing isn’t gonna work either. So now I start looking at intersections. Where did the lines overlap? So here we have one one, two, three one, two three one, two three one, two three. So all the ones in set a appeared to be odd. Let’s look at set B now, once I have that rule and say hey, I know that it said B. There’s something very similar or something opposite right and I’m expecting and said be the old intersections are going to be. Even so, let’s see here we have no intersections here. We have one two three, four five, Oh looks like my rule, doesn’t work.
Let’s go back and say, hey and try that again, so I’m gonna look at all the dashes, and I see one two three one, two one, two three one, two one, two, three one two so I’m thinking, okay, maybe set a has two or three dashes Set B, 1, 2, 3. 4. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 1. 1, 2, 3. 4. So now I have a new rule set a has either two or three dashes and set B has either one or four dashes. So you see how you think you can have a rule down really really well and then it turns out it’s wrong, but that’s, okay, if you test a rule and it doesn’t work just forget about it – maybe bounine of that rule is important somewhere else, but for The most part personally, I just forget about it and I try and find a new rule so yeah there we go okay. Now this one, I found pretty difficult. Where should I start? Okay? So when I first looked at this, I was just overwhelmed with a bunch of boxes, a bunch of different colors and I started testing rules. So the first thing I tested didn’t say a was the total number of boxes. Okay, so I’ll start really quick. Three. Six! Seven, eight three, six, seven, eight nine, so I immediately know there’s an uneven, so I’m gonna forget about the odd versus even rule. If you haven’t noticed, that’s one of the first things I tend to test, and the second thing I do is I look at the colors, so we have black, we have striped and we have white so white. We have one two three one, two three, Oh interesting. One two three one, two, three, four, five still odd one, two, three, four, five one, two, three, four: five, six, seven, eight, nine, okay cool all the white boxes are odd and that might be useful if we look at black one, two, three one, two three four Eliminate that right there striped one two three four one, two three four one, two three: I can eliminate that right there now, if you’re, going to test that pattern, you’ll realize that it doesn’t work. So I’m gonna save us the time of going through that and I’m gonna move on to the next thing that I tested, which is there, isn’t really much left to do here. I was trying to look at the pattern from like a bird’s eye view from far away trying to see if there’s anything that would it lose today. Maybe there’s more black shapes on the top half of the square or maybe there’s more white on the right or on the left, but none of that was kind of working out. So then the next thing I moved onto is what’s next to each other. So here we have stripe blank blank stripe, so there’s two blacks thanks to each other and in this box there’s also two white, but something key to realize is that there’s no two striped boxes next to each other.
If we look at say a we see white next to each other black far apart and striped, far apart, okay, so black was touching here, but it’s not touching here. Let’s keep that in mind, but black does touch here. Black does touch here, so we know that black is allowed to touch each other white we also know is allowed to touch each other. But if we look at striped, everyone said a stripe boxes do not touch each other. That’s good! That’s interesting, and I’m thinking. That’s probably the rules so now let me look at set B now before even looking at set B. I know that either stripes are gonna touch each other or black are gonna, not touch each other or whites are gonna, not at each other, and that’s because the rule is always something opposite or similar to say hey. So before I even look at said D, I already know that’s what it’s gonna be: let’s look at that B. We see black touching each other, which is the same as say a so cool. My rule has nothing to do with black. We see white, not touching each other, which is interesting. Okay, cool white does not touch each other in set B, and we also see that stripe does touch each other. So, like I said when I use the pattern and say hey, you could already know what the pattern is. Probably gonna be in set B. So it’s quick to figure out so here we see Zebby that striped can touch each other, whereas an a stripe cannot touch each other and then being we also have white, not touching each other okay. So there you go. This is a little bit more of a difficult and actually took me quite some time to figure out but yeah again when you’re going through these questions, when you’re learning how to do this, the beginning just keep staring keep testing until you come to the conclusion yourself. I cannot stress that enough. You want to keep thinking. You want to write things down. You want to make sure that you figure out the pattern yourself. That’s the best way to learn because once it clicks you’re, not gonna forget next time. You look at a complicated pond like this you’re gonna immediately. Think oh, are the colors touching each other. Are the shapes touching each other orientation? Are they touching each other? You see the more questions you do, the more exposure you get and the easier it is to find the pattern next time, all right. Let’s move on to another one: okay, have we come to these now? Okay, cool okay.
So these are the other kinds of questions. You’Ll encounter, I’m sure you guys already know about this. I know remember if they’re called type 2 type, 3 type, 4 or whatever, but the premise is the important part. So let’s go through them: okay, so this first one. Okay for these questions, where I ask you, which figure completes the series, you want to just look at one piece of the puzzle at a time and see what that one piece does and that’s always the biggest clue it can be so confusing to look at all This together just look on one piece and see what it does. Okay. So let’s start here on the top left and look at this one black square from the first picture. It moves one to the left, then one down, then one right. So we can very easily tell that this square is moving in an anti-clockwise pattern following the hexagon okay, the circle is also moving anti-clockwise in the same way. So the next thing that we expect is a blank square here and a circle over here. So for a black square in this corner, so as possible B is not possible C as possible and D is not possible. Now we look at a and C and we realize oh there’s the square in the correct place and there’s the circle in the correct place. So we realize that we might have missed something, so the squared is only shaded black there’s no much variation there. If we look at the circle, we can see every time it moves a position. The black and the white get inverted between the inside and the outside of the box. So on the inside of the hexagon here it’s white, then black, then white, then black. So now we’re expecting white on the inside. So we look at a. We see black on the inside and that can’t be right. Our answer must be C all right. So that’s how you do it, but go one thing see how that changes and you can figure out the pattern. Okay. So this one, what do we see? We see not moving from one box to the next. You add one line each time: okay cool. So in our last box we expect there to be 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, plus 1 7 lines. Now we can see this is gonna be wrong. This can’t be correct. This is wrong and this can be correct. Now we want to look at what else changes: okay, this black ball at the top alternates between black white black white, so and also white black white black white black. So, let’s see if this is white, if this is black in this picture, then we know that in the next picture this position needs to be white. Okay, so a has white down here, but it doesn’t have the line in the correct place B has white down here with the line in the correct place.
Seeing has black here D has black here, so we know our answer is B easy right, okay. So this question here – let’s see this – is to this cuz. This is to what okay. So that’s what got one shape at a time and see what happens to it so in the top left, this zero gets rotated 45 degrees to the right, and we see that all these zeros do the same thing: okay, cool this hour here, flips from up to Down this flips from right to left this goes from down to up and these big fat arrows. Okay, so I’m actually not sure what’s happening with the big thick arrows, but let’s see figure this out without it. So we know that the oval shape has to rotate 45 degrees. So let’s look at these ovals and rotate them 45 degrees, and we can see that we can eliminate option C. So we have a B and D to work with. We know that these thin arrows, they just become the opposite. If they pointed up, they now point down. If they point right, they now point left so we’re looking. What we’re gonna look for in the new shape is left up up up. Let’s start there so left up up up that works left up up down a does. Not work left up up up C works left up up. This also works, but we had eliminated one of these due to rotation, so we’re now so we’re now left with B or D. Okay, let’s look at the remaining arrows, so here we want a down so B. This points down and the this points up so there we go, has to be B. So I don’t even know what’s happening with the big fat arrows and you can still solve this pattern so, like I said before, if you haven’t figured out the full pattern, you’re probably still gonna figure it out with this with a smaller set of patterns or You’Re at least gonna get the majority of the questions right. So if we look at the top left here, we can see that this white circle becomes blank. This black circle becomes a white square. This recliner white, okay hold on my independent paper for this. So obviously I mean, if you’re not doing this, please use a pen and paper to write down things, so you don’t forget them and keep track of all the rules. So I’m just gonna say on the Left. White circle becomes black circle. Black circle becomes white square, black square becomes white circle. What am I missing? I’m missing white squares white squares. If we look here, a white square becomes a black square now, obviously in the exam you have pretty much no time to write this down So look what I’ve written super super simple WC stands for.
A white circle B C stands for black circle, whatever I’m sure you could my key code here alright anyway, the point is just write Things down really quickly use like a code or something that you’re familiar with, because you don’t waste any time So now, let’s look at which one is correct, so white circles become black circles Let’s look at that first, so here a white circle I need to have a black circle in the top left, which means I can immediately eliminate B on C So I’m gonna write down BC Xx, all right black circles become white squares, so this black circle here needs to become a white square and either a or D and in D it becomes a white circle Not a white square, so D is wrong and we’re gonna choose a see How simple that is just one shape at a time, see what happens to it, and then you can really quickly eliminate the answers because, like you, can see, just one shape being wrong immediately, eliminates that entire shape, so ya focus on one element at a time figure Out, what’s going on and applied the rules? Okay, guys – and I think that’s about it I hope that I was able to communicate well what I was thinking about going through the questions onto the camera It turned out to be a lot harder than I thought it would be One keep that list like printed or write it down somewhere and just have it next to you So when you’re looking at a pattern, if you’ve looked at it for a really long time – and you just can’t seem to figure out what it is return to scans and see if there’s an option that you might have missed and as you do, these questions take The parts of scans and add details to them, for example, under color right, if in one of the shapes you happen to see that colors next to each other, are touching or colors next to each other are not touching That’s something that you should write down within scans within color, colors may or may not be able to touch so the next time You see a pattern with color That’s something that you immediately think of as something you immediately look at and you might be able to find it a lot faster anyway guys! That’s it for me Keep sending me questions on the student room Hope you guys are having a good time preparing for the UK account and enjoying your summer it’s been calm, emetic, i’m out peace